The library is open

The visit of the library is only allowed with medical mask. The "3 G Rules" apply, this means official proof of either being vaccinated against covid-19 or being recovered from covid-19 or an official proof of a negative Corona test must be presented before entering the library.

The logistics sub-library at the Schweinfurt location is closed, media can be ordered for pick-up at the main library in Schweinfurt by mail.

We are still available for you! We are happy to help you with all questions concerning access to literature and information. As usual, you can also reach us by phone (for Schweinfurt 09721/9406252 and for Würzburg 0931/35116242) or by e-mail ( or

The main libraries of Würzburg (Münzstraße) and Schweinfurt (Ignaz-Schön-Straße) are open from Mondasy to Fridays 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. The sub-libraries Logistics (Schweinfurt) and Röntgenring remain closed. The sub-library Sanderheinrichsleitenweg is open from 6.10.21 Wednesdays from 12-16 a.m. and Thursdays from 8-12 a.m.



The buildings of the university are generally still closed, there is a ban on entering.

The exception to this ban on entering is the borrowing and return of media or working in the library. The exception to the prohibition of entry therefore applies to a specific purpose, not to a specific user group.

Admission to the building is regulated by a security service, the requests of the security service must be followed.

The entrance doors to the buildings Münzstraße (Würzburg) and Mensa (Schweinfurt) are

Monday - Friday 10:00-16:00 opened.

  • Please search for the media in the catalogue at home in advance and write down the shelf numbers of the desired media.
  • Access to the building only with medical mask. The medical mask must be worn continuously until leaving the building.
  • Take a shopping basket at the library entrance. If no basket is available because the maximum number of customers is already present in the library, you will have to wait for a basket to become available. As always, please observe the distance rule of 1.5-2 meters.
  • You are granted access to the shelves for the sole purpose of borrowing media. A research PC is available for electronic media.
  • You can use our databases without remote access at the research PC or in a separate room at the Schweinfurt and Würzburg locations.
  • Bring the media you´d like to borrow to the designated borrowing point for booking.
  • Please return media exclusively contactless via the book return boxes. The media will be booked one day later.

If you have any further questions, please contact or for this purpose.

The two main libraries in Würzburg (Münzstraße) and Schweinfurt (Ignaz-Schön-Straße) are openas a place of learning and work. The opening hours by 1st of october are Monday-Friday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

The sublibrary Sanderheinrichsleitenweg is open during the semester Wednesdays from 12 a.m. to 4 p.m. and Thursdays from 8 a.m. to 12 p.m.  The libraries Röntgenring (Würzburg) and Logistik (Schweinfurt) will remain closed for the time being.

As established, please take a shopping basket at the entrance. The number of baskets is the limit for visitors in the library who are present at the same time. If you do not find a basket, you cannot enter the library at this time.

If you want a seat, please go to the desk, where you will be assigned an available seat. Please enter your matriculation number or adress on the attendance list provided. The medical mask can be removed at the seat

After leaving the seat, you hand in the ticket yourself at the desk. Disinfectant is available for tables etc. if required. Weather permitting, windows remain open. The photocopiers in the library remain unusable, as the distance requirement cannot be guaranteed here.

Due to the requirements of the current infection control regulations, we can only offer seating to a small number of library users, in Schweinfurt (30 persons) and Würzburg (17 persons). Thank you for your understanding.

We ask for your understanding that at the current stage of pandemic control we are not yet able to offer many of the services we are accustomed to:

  • no group workspace
  • no in-depth advice from library staff (please check our catalogue for media availability in advance), use our mail adresses and phone numbers.
  • copiers are not available (personal contacts of our users should be avoided if possible)
  • no stay in the corridors of the university

Assistance and support as well as training measures of all kinds take place exclusively via zoom, mail or telephone.

Please find all trainings here.

Suggestions for your final paper

Your library will support you with your thesis.

In the upcoming weeks you will find tips and thoughts on this page.

Which points would you like to be explained first? Write your request to the mail address above.



Writing a thesis in times of the Corona crisis is truly no easy task. So the obvious question is: what resources do I have?

At the FHWS, the time required to complete your Bachelor's thesis varies between 3 and 5 months. An infinite amount of time? No, because with this time you want to be well managed.

Each person has their own style of work, but it has proven to be useful to think about the individual steps of a written work: What is to be done? When should this happen in a meaningful way? How much time is needed?

Steps of a written thesis

Find topic, clarify framework

  • Search topic and supervisor
  • planning stage and first literature search
  • Narrow down the topic and discuss it with your supervisor

This can take place quite a while before the registration and the processing period, e.g. at the beginning of the 7th semester, when the bachelor thesis is written afterwards.

Preparation and systematic literature research

  • Targeted and systematic search for literature and sources
  • Obtain literature (if necessary, bookstores, library, interlibrary loan, etc.)
  • Determine procedure and research question
  • If necessary, prepare the implementation of the empirical practical part.
  • Think through the timetable and put it down in writing

Literature search and acquisition can be time-consuming, since some titles must first be ordered from the interlibrary loan system (sometimes up to 6 weeks delivery time!), or are currently on loan. The procurement of literature can also be started before the processing period.

Reading, excerpting, structuring

  • Evaluate literature on the basis of the research question.
  • Determine the outline of tyour thesis
  • Assign sources to chapters
  • If necessary, search for further literature to fill gaps

You must allow sufficient time for this important step. Concentrated reading to recognize, evaluate and classify the important things is hard work. This is where the framework of your work is created. Plan active breaks here as well!

Empirical practical part

  • Perform empirical practical part (interviews, survey, etc.) in the first two weeks of the processing time
  • Transcribe

If you are working on an empirical practical part, this should take place as early as possible - parallel to the step reading and excerpting. Allow sufficient time for transcribing


  • create a rough draft
  • compile a list of literature, abbreviations and sources

Now you get started with the actual writing . If you have already prepared a good outline and filled it with content, thoughts and quotations, you only have to begin writing according to your plan. Please keep in mind: This is only the raw version, it does not have to be the fine-tuned formulation. Do not block yourself with excessive perfectionism!


  • Check the thread of your outline
  • Revise the content
  • Revise the language
  • Check formalities (formatting, structure of directories, use of sources, citations and footnotes)
  • Proofreading

At the latest two weeks before submission, you should have finished writing that you can start revising.

Correcting, printing, submitting

  • Inquire about opening hours of the examination office
  • Make final improvements and final correction (language, spelling, meaning, completeness, etc.)
  • Find a printer, determine print format
  • Print (2-3 days before delivery)

Plan a week to 10 days for the final work. This gives you a buffer in case something goes wrong, for example, during printing.


Write down your schedule. Firstly, this will help you to deal with your project more consciously, and secondly, you will be able to see later whether you are still on schedule or have already fallen behind.

Synchronize your schedule with your private calendar and pay attention to overlaps with important private appointments (80th birthday of the rich uncle, concert of your favorite band, hen party of your sister ...).

Keep to your schedule as best you can. Of course you don't have to stop researching for literature on day X, but most of it should be found on that day and your focus should shift towards writing. But don't procrastinate phases unnecessarily, come to an end, take the next step.

Books as e-books: they have never been as valuable as they are today! They are accessible for many people at the same time, save space and ways to the library, have no loan periods...

And best of all: we have well over 100,000 such e-books for all our courses of study.

All e-books, for which the FHWS library has acquired the license, can be found in our library catalogue.

You can limit your search to the publication form e-book and you will only see the electronic editions. You have a green full text button. To open these e-books from home, an external access must be set up.

Depending on the provider, either individual chapters or the book as a whole can be downloaded as a PDF. With the provider ProQuest only 40% can be downloaded.

Your desired e-book is not yet included? You cannot buy everything as an e-book, but it is always worth a purchase suggestion!


The e-journals are  listed in our library catalog (hint: select the documente type magazine / newspaper in the search form), but be careful: only the journal titles are listed in the catalog, but individual articles and their authors are not. Often, however, you can search the table of contents on the provider platforms  and get to the relevant articles in this way.



Specialised Databases are important sources for scientific research. Here you will find current articles from academic journals, reports, working papers, surveys, statistics etc. for your subject area. Database providers often specialize in one subject area and try to collect everything that has been published in this discipline.

How do you find the right database now? You can find an overview of useful databases, the FHWS Library provides acess to, here. For using licencsed databases from home, an external access must be set up.

You can use our databases without remote access (e.g. Perinorm, Beck) at the research PC or in a separate room at the Schweinfurt and Würzburg locations.

Don't panic: printed books are also available to our students.

And how do I do that now, exactly?

Very simple: as a student in Würzburg, I first look in the "Katalog WÜ" on the library homepage to see what I need. Good news: we have more electronic media than almost any other university in Bavaria, and you can get all of this as full text at the push of a button as usual.

That leaves our 150,000 printed books. Please search for the media in the catalogue at home in advance and write down the shelf numbers of the desired media.(e.g. 1000/AP 39480 R258).

Access under Covid-19 restrictions.

Take a shopping basket at the library desk. If no basket is available because the maximum number of customers is already present in the library, you will have to wait for a basket to become available. As always, please observe the distance rule of 1.5-2 meters.


Interlibrary Loan (ILL) is back from shutdown. Libraries in Bavaria and Germany have resumed lending. See

The snowball method is a technique of literature research, with which one tries to trigger an avalanche in order to get a mountain of literature laid at your feet. Sounds good?

Here's how it works:

You take the most current source you can find on your topic (key document) and evaluate the bibliography. All texts should be easy to find (you know that they exist), either in our library catalogue or via our databases.

Disadvantage: all literature you find via this method is older than the first source. And you have to be sure that the author of your first source has done a good job in literature selection.

You can compensate for these disadvantages by extending the "snowball system":

  • Search for further publications of the authors used, perhaps they have already published something new on your topic.

  • If journal articles were cited, go to the platform of the journal publisher (tip: search for the journal title in the Electronic Journals Library) and search the journal for further articles on your topic. If the FHWS has not licensed the journal, you can often still at least search the tables of contents and order the article, e.g. via interlibrary loan.

  • The same procedure works with books: you can often search the websites of the publishers to find what they offer. Perhaps you come across a more recent title on your subject, and if it is not already in our stock, you can make a acquisition request.

Sources that are published and accessible are quotable. Anyone who reads your text should be able to find the sources used to check your statements without any major problems.

Caution: If you are writing with a company, you may also use internal sources that are not freely accessible. Discuss this with your supervisor.

Deciding if a source is worth being quoted is a core task of scientific work. The CRAP test helps you decide which source to use:

  • Currency: The information is up-to-date
  • Reliability: The author supports arguments with quotations from other sources (verifiable references!)
  • Authority / Audience: author is a scientist/scholar and addresses other scientists/scholars
  • Purpose / Point of View: The author is interested in academic results, not in clicks or advertising revenue. Text, headlines, and pictures are objective.

All of the CRAP test conditions should be met if you want to use a source.

A completely objective answer? Objectively!

An outline is well formulated if it makes you want to read your paper right now, from the beginning to the end.

But a good outline also has many advantages for you: you keep track of your scientific work while writing  (are all central topics, aspects and contents included?), keep the thread in your hand (don't get lost in side stages) and avoid the threat of writer's block.

How do I work out what should be included in my outline?

An outline helps to work out the central components of a topic and thus makes "the big challenge" manageable.

Read into your topic and collect the aspects and questions that you think are relevant to your topic. Think of a hypothesis or research question that is as clear as possible in order to have a clear idea of what you want to write about.

Take this collection and think more carefully about the topics you want to write about. Record these ideas at the beginning, playing around with different points of view and terms. Combine similar topics and sort out topics that do not fit together properly. Now you have an overview and can structure your work and create an outline. Start with the big ideas and then work out the sub-items.

How do I use the outline when collecting information?

Take your time to read concentrated through all the sources that you have found during your literature research. Make notes and collect evidence for your own theses or arguments to refute the views of others. Also record your own findings. Assign the collected findings to your structure. If you notice gaps where you do not yet have enough information, you can research new sources. Now you have a roadmap of how you want your work to look like.

How does the outline change as you write your paper?

You can use this roadmap to write the first draft of your work. Sometimes, as you write, you may find that the outline is not sufficient or that it should be structured differently. Or you may notice that too many details are mentioned in certain sections that are not relevant to your work. Shorten these details or delete them completely.

When restructuring your work, however, make sure that a clear line is maintained in your outline and that you do not stray from your topic. Avoid an outline that is too nested, sometimes it can be more useful to create a new outline.

You know how to work with word processing  programs? Textwriting? Easy! Create tables of contents and figures? A bit more difficult. And how can you make Roman and Arabic page numbers appear in the document? No idea?

In the library catalog you will find z. B. Word and Open Office manuals in which these subtleties are well explained. If you'd rather be shown it, you can stream video training via the LinkedIn Learning portal.

We do courses on Citavi!

The registration form has a submission date and this should be taken seriously.

Change appointments or hoping for tacit goodwill, that does not help in this case.

A clever time management therefore plans from the end to the beginning: if my submission date is fixed, then I must have accommodated everything that has to be done by then.

As always, it's worth taking a look at my study and examination regulations to find out the exact details.

There I can also read if necessary whether and what possibilities there are for extending the deadline and what the requirements are.

I can also read there how many printed copies I have to hand in. And where I have to hand them in. Some professors are happy to receive an additional submission by e-mail, as they correct the work digitally on their PC or tablet anyway. In this case send your PDF to your first supervisor, because professors are not always on hand to empty their mailbox. Some are also abroad or on research trips.